September 6th, 2013 17:02 EST
NASA Research Finds Detection of Water Deep Within the Moons Lunar Surface
"The detection of water in remote places such as our moon sheds a new light on where scientists may one day determine which planet or lunar body could become our new home or in what I call, Earth Two." (Anselm, R.)
As we all make our way into the world we grow-up taking a lot of things that come easy or are in abundance for granite. Water is one of the natural resources that I am sure all of us grew-up thinking it was just an everyday natural entity that we drank for a necessity, swam in for recreation, washed the car with, sat in the hot tub sucking down those Budweiser`s as the hot jets flowed water through the tub like a speedboat racing through the harbor, bathed in and occasionally took a bucket full of it and poured it over our little sisters of brothers head because we wanted to be a little mischievous sibling.
As we grew older and I can vow for this growing up in Southern, California and going through the many times of hearing there was a water shortage there during the late 1970s, I learned really how scarce and precious this liquid made of chemical composition, H20 really is.
NASA and scientists have been steadily looking for the detection of water anywhere they can find it in our solar system because I believe since we have destroyed our planet with manmade chemicals and made our environment act like a road raged driver out of control after being cut off in traffic and has punched more holes in our ozone layer it look like a used dart board in a pool hall in any town, USA.
NASA has extended the ranks of the water research to our moon where NASA funded lunar research has found the evidence of water that is locked in mineral grains on the surface of the moon coming from an unknown source deep beneath the moons lunar surface.
Scientists used data from NASA`s Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) instrument which sits aboard the Indian Space Research Organization`s Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft. This new finding represents the first detection of this kind of water form found in lunar orbit. Past studies had shown the existence of what is known as magmatic water in lunar samples when NASA was researching this during the Apollo space program.
Scientists imaged the region of the moon known as crater Bllialdus which sits near the lunar equator, since the equator holds various kinds of lunar rocks this was a great area to study for scientists because they could better quantify the amount of water inside those types of rocks. One of the main reasons for this location of study is because the crater is made up of a certain type of rock that forms deep within the lunar crust and mantle when magma is trapped underground.
Rachel Klima who is a planetary geologist at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Maryland commented on this, "This rock, which normally resides deep beneath the surface, was excavated from the lunar depths by the impact that formed Bullialdus crater. Compared to its surroundings, we found that the central portion of this crater contains a significant amount of hydroxyl - a molecule consisting of one oxygen atom and one hydrogen atom -- which is evidence that the rocks in this crater contain water that originated beneath the lunar surface." (Klima, R.)
The M3 sent data of the surface of the moon in 2009 and found water molecules in the polar regions of the moon. The water found there is thought to be a thin layer formed from the effects of the solar wind hitting the surface of the moon. The area of the Bullialdus sits directly in the cross-hairs of the pounding solar wind.
S. Pete Worden, center director at NASA`s Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, California commented on this by saying, "NASA missions like Lunar Prospector and the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite and instruments like M3 have gathered crucial data that fundamentally changed our understanding of whether water exists on the surface of the moon. Similarly, we hope that upcoming NASA missions such as the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer, or LADEE, will change our understanding of the lunar sky." (Worden, P.)
The detection of water from orbit means that NASA scientists can start to begin testing some of the findings from an array of sources such as samples collected in broader context and samples collected from regions that are far from where the Apollo sites are clustered and on the side of the moon. Scientists once believe for many years that the rocks on the moon were basically bone dry and that any rocks that were found to have any source of water in them was probably contamination from Earth. They are now finding out very differently.
Rachel Klima went on to add, "Now that we have detected water that is likely from the interior of the moon, we can start to compare this water with other characteristics of the lunar surface. This internal magmatic water also provides clues about the moon`s volcanic processes and internal composition, which helps us address questions about how the moon formed, and how magmatic processes changed as it cooled." (Klima, R.)
Will the moon be our next Earth Two now that scientists are finding the existence of water in the mysteries of the deep depths of the moons lunar surface? Or, will it turn out to be just another major discovery by NASA for science buffs to brag about during recess at school? Tune in next for what may turn out to be a wet and wild show as we peer up at the brightly lit round mass of lunar extravaganza and wonder is the smiling face we see in the moon is really telling us, Yea... Ya`ll; I am really filled with that wonderful natural resource known by scientists as H2o.
NASA-Funded Scientists Detect Water on Moon`s Surface that Hints at Water Below,
(http://www.nasa.gov) Retrieved 2013.
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