March 2nd, 2014 22:17 EST
NASA's Keplar Mission Discovers Existence of 715 More Planets in Universe
To NASA; the feeling of finding strange and wondrous space mysteries is the same feeling you and I had as kids when we found our first strange and wondrous, colorful Easter egg, as we turned over a stone or looked in the weeds we eventually found that elusive egg that we so longed to discover and NASA just discovered those elusive planets that have been hiding behind the stars that light up the ends of our universe (Anselm, R.)
And this is how NASA feels on a daily basis as they keep an eye to the sky in search of strange new worlds and try to seek out new and wondrous space mysteries as if those mysteries were a riddle wrapped in a poem, this to NASA is their daily Easter egg hunt as they continue to find anything and everything that was created by God in our universe.
Recently, NASA`s Keplar mission announced that it discovered 715 new planets in the universe. These newly-fond planets have a personality of their own as they orbit 305 stars and also revealing multiple planet system that resemble the same system as our own solar system.
"John Grunsfeld who is the Associate Administrator for NASA`s Keplar mission commented on this, "The Kepler team continues to amaze and excite us with their planet hunting results. That these new planets and solar systems look somewhat like our own portends a great future when we have the James Webb Space Telescope in space to characterize the new worlds." (Grunsfeld, J,)
This discovery by NASA is the result of new planet finding technology which supersedes the old way of planet hunting from two decades ago. This new technology and process allows scientists a statistical technique that can be applied to multiple planets at once when those same planets are found in systems that have more than one planet around the same star.
The 715 planets recently discovered by NASA are known as a bounty of planets. The research team used a technique known as Verification by Multiplicity. This technique goes sort of hand in hand with the premise of math equations because it uses probability to sort out answers to the many questions that arise on a discovery of this magnitude and if I remember right from College Math we used many formulas in probability to solve the many equations we had to and I had to get that grade of nothing less than an A so scientist can sort of think mechanically and use math to solve some of the questions that arise out of the mysteries of our universe.
So, in short here is how NASA sort of used the logic of probability to find the answers to this discovery and be able to basically read what this discovery means. NASA`S Keplar mission observed 150,000 stars and found only a few thousand of those stars to have planet candidates. If one of those planet candidates were basically randomly distributed among the Keplar`s stars it is studying then only a handful of those stars would have multiple planet candidates. NASA verified this sample bounty of planets with more careful study and verification.
Here`s even a further breakdown of how NASA used the probability logic in the aid of this discovery, if you take Lions and lionesses and their behavior for example. In our example, the lions in this case would be the Keplar stars and the lionesses are the planet candidates. Just to clarify before we move on any further in this example and I know I am being sort of a smarta** saying this but if anyone is stumped on what lionesses are they are female lions and of course the lions are the male lions. There I had to get that out. Moving on " the lionesses in this example would sometimes be observed being grouped together where the lions would tend to roam around more freely on their own.
If you were to see two lions the probability would be a 50 percent chance that the pair could either be a lion and a lionesses or the pair could be just two lions which could also extend to the pair could also be two lionesses. The stumper here is if more than two lionesses are gathered together then it is very likely to just be a lion and his pride. Through multiplicity the lionesses can be reliably identified in the same manner as the multiple planet candidates can be found around the same star. Make sense? If not, I deciphered this from the article I used to write this article.
One of the scientists on the Keplar Mission commented on this, "Four years ago, Kepler began a string of announcements of first hundreds, then thousands, of planet candidates --but they were only candidate worlds. We`ve now developed a process to verify multiple planet candidates in bulk to deliver planets wholesale, and have used it to unveil a veritable bonanza of new worlds." (Lissauer, NASA)
Space has so many multiple planet systems that scientists are saying these systems are fertile grounds for studying individual planets and the nearby planetary neighborhoods that aid in providing clues to how planets were formed.
Out of the 715 planets recently discovered, four of those planets are less than 2.5 times the size of Earth and orbit in their own sun`s habitable zone. The habitable zone is defined as the range of distance from a star where the surface temperature of an orbiting planet may be suitable for life-giving liquid water. (NASA.gov)
One of these planets is called Kepler-296f and orbits around a star half the size of it and five percent as bright as our sun. Kepler-296f is a large planet measuring about twice the size of Earth. NASA is still studying the internal environment of the planet trying to determine the characteristics of the environment focusing on the questions of, does the environment consist of a gaseous world with a thick hydrogen-helium envelope? Or, does the environment consist of a world surrounded by a deep ocean? If so, the patter would then make Kepler-296f much like Earth except the differential in size.
Jason Rowe who is a research scientist at the SETI Institute in Mountain View, California stated, "From this study we learn planets in these multi-systems are small and their orbits are flat and circular -- resembling pancakes -- not your classical view of an atom. The more we explore the more we find familiar traces of ourselves amongst the stars that remind us of home." (Rowe, J.)
NASA continues to research the world of space with its vast distances even the human mind cannot comprehend but with each new discovery comes another piece of the puzzle that will answer the question, What really is our place in this large and mysterious galaxy?
NASA`s Kepler Mission Announces a Planet Bonanza, 715 New Worlds, (http://www.nasa.gov/kepler) Retrieved 2014.
How many Little Leaguers dream about making it to the Major Leagues one day? Just about everyone of them. One of my biggest thrills when I played in the Seniors Majors at Northridge National Little League in my home town of Northridge, California was when some of the Los Angeles Dodgers came down one Saturday morning before our game to talk to us about different life circumstances. This is one moment I have always remembered and has always stuck with me my whole life. I was hanging out with Steve Yeager, Bill Buckner, and more talking about life and baseball. This is just one moment in our great game that made an impact on me and my team mates and the game is filled with many more moments like this. Take a look for yourself in my latest book on our great game titled, Our Grand Ol` National Past Time " A Brief History of Major League Baseball and enjoy reading about baseball. You can buy your copy or copies by going to my website at (ronanselm.tateauthor.com) or (http://www.tatepublishing.com/bookstore) which is my publisher`s website.