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Published:December 6th, 2006 08:42 EST

Peace On Earth

By Shakti Ghimire

We must have a strong belief in respecting fundamental civil liberty, sustainable peace, development and Democracy. Our initiative should revolve around strategic philosophy, problem solving and preparation agendas under the issue of peace, not putting too much stress on provisional conflict solutions. People have to realize that peace is a procedure in itself. Furthermore, stable creation and development of something new is possible only in long-lasting peace. If we educate ourselves about it, we can accomplish changing the world for the better.

We must raise global awareness for peace, justice and democracy to the people of world. In order to develop peace in the world, its residents need to be safe and should be able to trust the government or authority that protects them. In today’s world, where the people in power are so corrupt and the safety of the citizens is hindered, it is very difficult to give peace a fair chance. When citizens of the world face unfair situations, they are bound to be violent, nations starts losing signs of peace and revolution takes place. I think the concept of justice has become more prominent in today’s world, where terrorism is one of the main threats countries face. Justice can be best achieved by identifying terrorists and punishing them severely.

Democracy is very important for any country to achieve sustainable development. If a country cannot be democratic and is always under the rule of dictatorship or other countries, the people start feeling they are losing their fundamental civil rights, freedom and independence. I can confidently state than no peace can be obtained without justice and democracy. Justice and democracy make the development possible. If the culprits do not get punished, if the innocent suffer, if people cannot live independently, if powerful countries start dominating weaker ones, then the only possible outcomes can be violence and war. War can make conflict in the world, but can not revolutionize the international community.

Countries like Iraq can never experience peace until the US retracts its army from their land, and let Iraq gain its democracy themselves... when terrorists leave the country and its residence feel they have obtained justice and equality. In order to raise awareness about peace, we have to restore the justice system and make sure that innocent people do not needlessly suffer and are not dominated. Only after people start feeling that their voices have been heard and there is still truth and justice in the world, then there will be a chance for peace to prevail around the earth.

Well, the present situation is that most of the countries are spending their funds on manufacturing weapons, and are involved in war rather then spending that money on education or health care or in other social development issues. There is extreme poverty and hunger throughout the world. In every country, many people are below the poverty line. The funds which the government has should be used in such a way that poverty can be eradicated. Only then can a country can be properly developed. So instead of spending the funds only on weapons and wars, they have to be equally distributed and spent in all public sectors.

The health status of an individual depends on the services provided by the country. The health sector is very important and is the first priority for everyone. Hence, the nation should uplift the service of health care. We can take an example of Nepal, where the health care is at a minimal level. In the rural area, there is no facility for health care. People still go to traditional healers instead of going to the doctors. In the village there are no facilities, hence there are no real doctors. If the government spends funds on providing medical facilities, then the health of the citizens would be improved. Instead of spending the funds on only one aspect, all the aspects should be given equal importance.

Until and unless the population of the country is educated and trained, the country cannot get skilled human resources. Quality education should be spread to all parts of the country, to every child, free of cost.

Ignoring other sectors like health, education, transportation, and communication, the government is using their money for buying weapons.

The world today has been facing various problems. There should be a genuine attempt made to solve the present problem. To stop the problems or let the problems not occur again, steps should be taken earlier. The influential people should now re-think how the problems can be eradicated. Hence, they should start thinking from the base, rather than dealing with consequences. If the root of a plan is strong, then the plan will be successful. Plans should be made for social development. The leaders are the ones to give direction to the country. Hence, they should have a clear vision on what the citizens of the country need and where the country should be taken. For all these, they should think from the root of problems.

According to the Dr. Martin Luther King, “a nation that continues year after year to spend more money on military defense than on programs of social uplift is approaching spiritual death.” The amount of funds being spent on weapons is increasing every year. Even though the majority of the military expenses occurred in the US due to its war on Iraq, there is also an increase in military expenses throughout the world.

In a developing country such as Nepal, the budget has allocated maximum funds for the military purpose in 2005. Majorities of the funds spent in military issues are directly related with purchasing more weapons for destruction. The effect of this is the decrease in funding for other issues which are much more important to society. The society can benefit much more greatly if the money spent in buying weapons was used for education. The state of public schools today around the world is full of crime and the standard of education has decreased in the past few years.

In developed countries, almost every week, you can hear the case of a child bringing a gun to school and shooting other children. There are millions of children around the world who are deprived of normal childhood, they have to struggle to survive, and malnutrition is a serious defect in developing countries. Educational institutions need higher standards of education; public schools do not have proper funding so the students in those institutions cannot get proper education. There is scarcity of water and a problem of droughts in many parts of the country, there are natural disasters occurring in every part of the world, billions and billions of people do not even get to eat a healthy meal at least once a day. But all these social issues are neglected, and majority of the funding every nation receives is spent on building their military power and buying more weapons everyday.

Similarly, developing international mechanisms and pressure groups for conflict resolution and respect of human rights are another way to keep a peaceful world. There is a lot of injustice happening in the world. It is clearly stated in the United Nation’s declaration of human rights that every individual should be treated equally. But there are still many unresolved issues, which tend to differentiate and treat a group superior to others. There are many people who are killed and treated badly due to discrimination, be it religious or racial. Religious discrimination has led to thousands of Jews being massacred in the holocaust. There is a never ending conflict going on in India and Pakistan between the Muslims and the Hindu. African Americans are still isolated and looked down upon in the most developed country of the world, United States of America. Everyday people are dying in South Asian countries like India and Nepal, due to racial discrimination. The rich and the elite always have looked down on the poor. The poor and the unemployed have always been deprived of benefits that other people have used. The best solution to stop such conflicts and to guarantee that the concept of human rights is followed throughout the world, it is necessary to develop an international group which can give equality and justice to the citizens of the world.

The UN has initiated this effort of promoting human rights. This led to the establishment of Universal declaration of human rights by the United Nations in December 1948. The declaration promotes equality and the right for every human to live equally. But this declaration is not strong enough to enforce all that is stated. The declaration is old and needs to be updated. Fewer nations are following the declaration of human rights, and thus have led to conflicts and suppression of  peoples. To resolve these present worldwide conflicts, and to ensure that every one experiences human rights, it is necessary to develop an international mechanism, which is adopted by all the nations. Not only would this group have the power to empower those that have been suppressed and give them their rights, but will also have the power to punish those that violate human rights. This will lead to less conflict because everyone is treated equally, and there is hardly any issue to blame one another for.

Another significant point is that we should make a forum for education, peace, advocacy, skills development and so on. Due to lack of an open forum, plus employment and opportunities, the youths are unengaged. Forum can help the engaged and encourage the youth. Moreover, there will be less chance for them to be involved in conflict. When the youths are employed, then their minds will not be idle. This forum will help in peace building and peace keeping as well. Skills development programs are a must in today’s world. If the rural people are trained in certain skill development programs they can sustain their livelihood.

This development is only achieved after getting sustainable peace. And the sustainable peace is only obtained after ensuring freedom of expression, institutional democracy, equity, justice, liberty, opportunities etc. Besides, low quality education, health hazard, poverty, prevalence of social evil and so on are the hindrance of development. People conscious about human rights, attitudes of their leaders, and about their rights are needed for creating the way to change world.