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Published:August 28th, 2010 17:43 EST
IDENTITIES: How Governed, Who Pays? Chapter 6 & 7

IDENTITIES: How Governed, Who Pays? Chapter 6 & 7

By HB Paksoy

06. Commercial identity

by H.B. Paksoy

     1. Not every corner of the world is endowed with all the resources the earth is capable of bestowing.

     2. In order to acquire some of the goods not available locally, but in other geographic regions, a polity will have to engage in trade.

     3. These goods not available locally may well include foodstuffs, which will impart quite a bit of urgency to trade.

     4. When a polity cannot acquire what it deems necessary to sustain life or life-style, they may well be prepared to go to war to obtain what they think they are entitled. Not much profit may be gained at this stage by trying to reason with them.

     5. Conversely, other polities may want those goods and commodities only found in this polity. These will include natural resources, and other polities will be prepared to use military force to obtain what they think is due them.

     6. When unbalanced mutual trade is joined between polities, one of the first casualties is mutual trust. This will manifest itself in arguments over quality, supply quantities, and timing of delivery.

     7. Next will come the issue of balance of payments. If a polity A is buying goods from polity B, then polity A must pay for them. Usually in some form of currency.

     8. Polity A spending currency to purchase goods from polity B will cause a drain on the treasury of polity A, especially, when the polity A has not much to sell to the polity B. 9. At that point, polity A might even decide to go to war with polity B, in order not to pay what it owes to polity B.

     10. Thus, the principle of a balance of payments must be kept in mind when trading.

     11. Over time, the specialized goods produced in one polity may gain fame under their identity. This will be followed by trademark recognition. Perfumes, cheese, shoes, wine and the like produced by one polity will come to mind when the name of the polity is mentioned.

     12. When the commodities produced by one polity gains fame, other polities will begin to produce the same. The copying polities may even use the same or similar brand names.

     13. The polity initiating a commodity brand name, whose goods are copied will object and take action to force the copiers to stop using the original designations. This will cause trade wars. This is one example of protecting the identity of the initiating polity.

     14. In selling their commodities, polities will develop not only specific brand names, but also the notion, presented as `fact,` that the commodity in question is best when coming from that polity with the specific identity.

     15. This will cause a move toward trade monopoly of a certain item or commodity.

     16. A trade monopoly will cause authoritarianism in governance, with all the trappings in personnel and institutions.























07. Interactions of Identities

by H.B. Paksoy

     1. The reaction to the identity construction in a given polity will come from both internal and external sources.

     2. It is easier to understand the internal reactions. These will come primarily from groups and individuals who have commitments to given doctrines. Leading this category will be the adherents of organized belief systems operating on the basis of "total life," where the doctrine demands that every action taken by the adherents must conform to the doctrine.

     3. The extant doctrinal belief systems are usually the most difficult obstacles to the construction of new official identities.

     4. The doctrinal belief systems had the time and opportunity to place their version of cosmic order in the minds of their adherents. These need not only be `religious,` but can also be `political` or `materialistic` beliefs as well.

     5. Since every doctrinal belief system was created after and in most cases in response to an earlier one, each doctrinal belief system also contain built-in defensive mechanisms.

     6. The built-in "defensive mechanisms" of a doctrinal belief system typically include insistence that it is the only true belief system. By extension, all other competing belief systems will be portrayed as heresies.

     7. There will be prescribed sanctions against those who change allegiances by accepting a new belief system. The sanctions against apostates most often begin with threats that the turncoat`s soul will not receive salvation; and he will be forever consigned to eternal torture by whatever means.

     8. Some belief systems will permit their adherents to disguise their allegiances. This is done to keep the doctrine alive under conditions threatening to overwhelm their domain. The justification is that it is better to have an underground congregation than have it annihilated.

     9. The struggle for primacy will then be conducted through veiled writings and oral reports, aimed first at undermining the efforts to construct the new identity.

     10. The existing ethnic identities may also resist the new official identity, if the new identity does not conform to already prevailing values. This is especially so when the ethnic identity constitutes a minority within the polity. They could exaggerate the attributes of their identity or go to extremes to stand out.

     11. Regional identities will also make their presence felt.

     12. Regional identities usually give the outward impression that they are born of pride of place.

     13. The composition of regional identities will include elements from ethnicities, belief systems, chosen governance systems, and genuine pride of place.

     14. The complex form of regional identities will make it difficult for the constructors of official identity to identify the primary underlying cause of the regionalist objections.

     15. There will always be competition between polities.

     16. The competition between polities is not limited to commerce (markets and a positive balance of payments), natural resources (including population bases) and land (or access to sea for strategic or commercial purposes).

     17. Competitions between polities will in time turn into conflicts, if they are not attended to.

     18. The conflict between polities may also result from perceptions of previous injustices suffered in the hands of the other side.

     19. The reactions to the efforts to create a new identity within a given polity may come from adjacent borders or from across the oceans. (In the future, it is not inconceivable that it may come from other galaxies as well)

     20. The reactions from adjacent borders or from across the oceans will of course be either in opposition or support; in most cases these will be in the form of objections.

     21. Whether or not the objections are justified on a rational basis will not readily become apparent.

     22. The objections will be cloaked in arguments to conceal their actual objectives.

     23. The outward objections will be made on the bases of current topics. These topics may include, but not limited to, Wilsonian self-determination, F. D. Rooselvelt`s Four Freedoms, human rights, Hay`s Open Door policy (precursor of open skies and open markets arguments), UN charter, and a multitude of daily concerns.

     24. Underneath most of the objections, regardless of their outward dress, lies the prime reason: maintenance of a certain "world order," preferred by those objecting to the formation of a new identity in a given polity.

     25. After all, the new identity is partly conceived in order to alter the existing order.