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Published:July 21st, 2006 04:40 EST
UN Human Rights Conference in Bangkok, 2005

UN Human Rights Conference in Bangkok, 2005

By Shakti Ghimire

United Nations office of the High Commissioner For Human Rights (OHCHR) had organized a regional expert seminar for south and Southeast Asia on “Human Rights: role of education" on September 2005, at The United Nations Building, Rajadamnern Nok Avenue in Bangkok. Around fifty representatives of government, civil society and NGO had participated in this conference.

I found that Bangkok is a place of destination for global people as for a visit, business, education, civil society organizations and government. In Bangkok on 2005, we stayed at the Hotel Royal Princess Larn Luang at Larn Luang Road, Pomprab, ( As participants of this UN conference we had benefited from a reduction in the rate. That was a nice hotel in the area. There was a gentle lady, Ms. Marie-Dominique Mornet an Assistant, Anti-Discrimination Unit of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. She was very much concerned with our problems and helped us.

Today; we have reality, unfortunately, we are not short of evidence that racism, racial discrimination,   xenophobia and related intolerance continued to have a present and direct threat to human dignity.  In an effort to end the persistent discriminations that plague societies around the world, the States participating in the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance (held in Durban, South Africa from 31 August to 8 September 2001), adopted a Declaration and Programme of Action.  

The Declaration and Programme of Action does not only trace a solemn commitment by States to work together but also offers a functional common agenda to the international community for strengthening the international human rights framework to combat racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.

There were discussions on general issue form NGOs and GOs representatives where I had highlighted some issues. Human Rights are promotion through the Youth and ICT. To raise issues on Youth is working on ICT for protection and promotion of human rights as well as to express our current situation to international community to draw an image to create a pressure for resolving conflict in countries like Nepal and others. We know in the conflict situation, both side (either army or violence developer) youth are in frontline and they are involved in violence. So, if we conduct informal Human Rights training before joining the army, that must decrease human rights violence in conflict area, like Iraq and Nepal.

In my analysis, this seminar provided a forum for exchange of information and discussion on the development and implementation of anti-discrimination policies as they relate to the role of education in combating discrimination by inter alias forging multiculturalism and empowering victims to overcome exclusion in order to contribute to society and achieve human, social and economic development in more inclusive societies.

The seminar will examine how discrimination has posed obstacles to access to education and how education constitutes an important tool in combating various manifestations of elimination which continue to plague many societies.

In this programme, participants have cooperated with each other. It aims also to promote discussion between policy makers, community leaders and victims of discrimination on rights-based strategies to overcome exclusion and achieve access to primary and secondary education. Similarly, to consider the need to support programs designed for the training of teachers, and trainers with regard to informal education as well as to identify and share good practices applicable to countries of South and Southeast Asia in integrating human rights, and non-discrimination in particular, in the development and implementation of policies and national plans of action.

After our conference in the evening, we used to go to the market. Our group had visited different areas of Bangkok. We usually spent our evening shopping and traveling to new areas.

Generally, we took our dinner at different Thai restaurant. We were surprised with their preparing and cooking style. They prepared food within a very short time. I used to eat seafood which was really good. Since I didn’t get other food, I mostly used to eat that.  Bangkok is a very warm city they used to give us one cup of ice with our drinks. It was a Bangkok custom.

Thailand is a kingdom country. They must have love for their king and respect for kingdom. Royal palace and the Thai people are just like two sides of one coin. I like the strategy of the royal palace of Thailand that is involve to the peoples bliss and sorrow. In 21st centuries, we can’t think of autocratic kingdom. People must be governor of people and make a policy for themselves.

Another important thing is that, the people of Bangkok have freedom of life. Many tourists visited Thailand for entertainment. Bangkok is considered as a world famous entertainment city.  They took this as an opportunity for the development of their country.  Within in few years Bangkok will be counted in the most famous developed tourist destination.

We should be empowering youth on human rights and ICT section. OHCHR has not given priorities for youth human rights leader as panelists and I have not seen any more participants for youth organizations. Another point is that the ignorance of ICT Issues. In Nepal, we have good experience working on human rights through the ICT where ICT plays key role to promote rural level human rights movement. ICT is another tool for youth empowering and involving. I think developing youth and ICT content will be help to promote human rights.

In my view, we must concern about youth issues to decrease conflict and violence. We can't change older brain, but we can easily change the minds of the youth. If we want to develop a culture a peace and non-violence in this world, we have to cooperate with the young people, because youth are not only leaders of tomorrow, but they are the partner of today. The fact is that, if we ignore them, they will be the cause of social violence. If we mobilize and provide alternative way for the youth, then they will not be involved in violence.

In my view, as effective follow-up these types of seminar, there will be Interaction with each other regularly, observe the government and civil society action on human rights issues, and organize follow-up seminar at least two times in a year for discussion of the progress. If there are not implementing policy or not improvement, then that can create an international pressure group.

I like the strategy where the organizer creating mailing list and forum, where participants discuss about their implementation and improvement news frequently. And they can post successful stories and violence cases also.