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Published:September 27th, 2007 05:48 EST

Senate approved modified versions of the Biden (D-DE) Iraq federalism amendment

By SOP newswire

Yesterday, the Senate approved modified versions of both the Biden (D-DE) Iraq federalism amendment as well as the Kyl (R-AZ) –Lieberman (I-CT) amendment on Iran.  The revised texts are attached.  Today, the Senate is scheduled to vote on a cloture motion on the Kennedy (D-MA) & Smith (R-OR) hate crimes amendment to the defense authorization bill.  There will also be a cloture vote on Hatch (R-UT) amendment No. 3047 providing for a comprehensive study and support for criminal investigations and prosecutions by state and local law enforcement officials, an alternative to the Kennedy-Smith amendment..

 

Amendments are divided into:

IRAQ

WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION

AFGHANISTAN AND OTHER FOREIGN POLICY ISSUES

DETAINEES/TERRORISM

TROOPS/CONTRACTING

OTHER

AMENDMENTS ALREADY CONSIDERED

IRAQ

=======================

Authorization to remain in Iraq

=======================

Sen. Byrd (D-WV) filed amendment No. 2003 stating that nothing in the bill provides a specific authorization for American troops to remain in Iraq.

 

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Withdrawal from Iraq

================

Sen. Byrd (D-WV) filed amendments No. 2004 and 2028 requiring the President to submit a plan within 60 days for withdrawal of U.S. forces from Iraq.

 

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Withdrawal from Iraq

=================

Sen. Hagel (R-NE) filed amendments No. 2048 and 2058 to require a phased redeployment of U.S. forces from Iraq not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, with the goal of redeploying by March 31, 2008 all U.S. combat forces from Iraq except for a limited number for specified purposes.

 

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Iraq Study Group

==============

Sens. Salazar (D-CO), Alexander, Pryor, Bennett, Casey, Gregg, Lincoln, Sununu, Collins, Domenici, Nelson of Florida, Landrieu and McCaskill filed as an amendment No. 2063 their bill S. 1545 endorsing the recommendations of the Iraq Study Group, including a goal for a drawdown of troops.

Sen. Chambliss (R-GA) filed amendment No. 2193, an unfriendly amendment, to the Salazar-Alexander amendment No. 2063.  The Chambliss amendment notes that the President's new strategy for Iraq has only recently become fully operational; supports many of the recommendations of the ISG and expresses the Sense of the Senate  that except in the event of unforeseen circumstances or developments, the President's new strategy for Iraq should not be significantly altered until Gen. Petraeus and Amb Crocker report to Congress on the progress of that strategy in September 2007.

 

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Abandon Iraq combat missions

==========================

Sens. Collins (R-ME) & Ben Nelson (D-NE) filed amendments No. 2124 & 2145 to require U.S. troops to abandon combat missions and instead to focus on training the Iraqi security forces, targeting al-Qaida, protecting U.S. personnel and infrastructure and protecting Iraq's borders, with a goal of completing the transition by March 31, 2008.

 

====================

Deauthorize the Iraq War

====================

Sens. Clinton (D-NY), Byrd (D-WV) & Sanders (I-VT) filed amendment No. 2146 to revoke the authority Congress granted for the war in 2002 so that it expires October 11, 2007, the fifth anniversary of the original authorization’s enactment.  The amendment also requires the President to seek a new authorization for the Iraq war.

 

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Troops in Iraq

===========

Sens. Warner (R-VA) and Lugar (R-IN) filed amendment No. 2208 to require President Bush by October 16 to come up with a plan to dramatically narrow the mission of U.S. troops in Iraq (although maintaining the territorial integrity of Iraq) with a recommendation to begin implementing the plan by December 31.

 

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Permanent bases in Iraq

====================

Sens. Biden (D-DE), Cantwell and Whitehouse filed amendment No. 2242 to bar permanent bases in Iraq.

 

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Withdrawal from Iraq

=================

Sens. Dodd (D-CT), Levin, Reed, Smith, Hagel, Kerry, Snowe, Biden, Obama, and  Clinton filed amendment No. 2274 to require troop withdrawal to begin 120 days after enactment and to be completed by April 30 except for limited purposes.   The reductions will be accompanied by a comprehensive diplomatic, political, and economic strategy that includes sustained engagement with Iraq's neighbors and the international community for the purpose of working collectively to bring stability to Iraq.

 

Sens. Levin (D-MI), Reed, Smith, Hagel, Kerry, Snowe, Biden, Obama, and Clinton filed amendment No. 2275 to the Dodd amendment with virtually the same text.

 

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Iraq refugee crisis

===============

Sens. Kennedy (D-Ma), Smith, Lieberman, Brownback, Biden, Hagel, Leahy, Snowe, Durbin, Feinstein, Obama, Menendez, Levin and Voinovich filed amendment No. 2872 dealing with the Iraq refugee crisis.

 

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Withdrawal from Iraq

=================

Sen. Dodd (D-CT) filed amendment 2891 to begin Iraq troop withdrawal within a month and terminate funding for combat operations by April 30, 2008 except for limited purposes.  The amendment would block the spending of 25% of the funds for Iraq unless there are 50,000 fewer troops in Iraq as of January 31, 2008 compared to September 12, 2007.

 

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Diplomatic surge

==============

Sens. Casey (D-PA) & Murkowski (R-AK) filed amendment No. 2931 expressing the sense of the Senate on the need for a comprehensive diplomatic offensive (a “diplomatic surge”) to help broker national reconciliation efforts in Iraq and lay the foundation for the eventual redeployment of U.S. combat forces out of Iraq.

 

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Contingency planning

====================

Sen. Clinton (D-NY), Kerry, Lautenberg, Brown and Byrd filed amendment No. 2944 requiring an Administration report on contingency planning for the redeployment of United States forces from Iraq.

 

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Benchmarks

==========

Sen. Kerry (D-MA) filed amendments No. 2967 and 2970 conditioning of U.S. support for government of Iraq on meeting key political benchmarks.

 

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Iraq Inspector General

==================

Sens. Coleman (R-MN) and Collins (R-ME) filed amendment No. 2983 to terminate the Office of the Inspector General for Iraq 90 days after reconstruction funds drop below $250 million.

 

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Wartime contracting

=================

Sen. Webb (D-VA), McCaskill, Klobuchar, Brown, Casey, Tester, Cardin, Whitehouse, Sanders, Levin, Carper, Feinstein, Kerry , Johnson, Boxer, Obama, Leahy, Harkin, Stabenow, Dodd, Landrieu, Feingold, Bayh, Pryor, Byrd, Durbin & Clinton filed amendment No. 2999 creating a Commission on Wartime Contracting.

 

================

Reduction of forces

================

Sen. Voinovich (R-OH) filed amendment No. 3013 requiring the President to begin a responsible reduction in the number of United States forces in Iraq not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

 

 

WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION

============

Missile defense

============

Sens. Vitter (R-LA) & Kyl (R-AZ) filed amendment No. 2010 to authorize an additional $87 million for Aegis missile defense for destroyers.  Sens. Kyl (R-AZ), Vitter, Inhofe, Lieberman, and Lott filed amendment No. 2178 for the same purpose.

 

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National Guard equipment from missile defense

=======================================

Sen. Dodd (D-CT) filed amendment No. 2033 to provide $500 million for the Army National Guard to repair and replace war-battered equipment to address critical shortfalls identified by the National Guard Bureau, with the funds to be cut from the European Missile Defense system ($225 million) and Airborne Laser ($275 million).

 

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Nuclear workers

==============

Sen. Reid (D-NV) filed amendment No. 2170 to include nuclear program workers in the occupational illness compensation program.

 

====================

Protecting space assets

====================

Sen. Kyl (R-AZ) filed amendment No. 2223 saying that it is the policy of the United States to protect its military and civilian satellites and to research all potential means of doing so.

 

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Space test bed

============

Sen. Kyl (R-AZ) filed amendment No. 2225 to restore the Administration’s $10 million request for the Ballistic Missile Defense Space Test bed that the Senate Armed Services Committee had cut.

 

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Minuteman III missiles

==================

Sens. Baucus (D-MT) and Tester (D-MT) filed amendment No. 2325 to bar more than 40 Minuteman III missiles from being removed from the Malmstrom Air Force Base in Montana until the Pentagon identifies additional missions for the base.  The Air Force had planned to retire 50 of the 80 missiles.

 

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Minuteman III missiles

=================

Sens. Hatch (R-UT) and Bennett (R-UT) filed amendment No. 2878 to require a report on maintaining the Minuteman III missile until at least 2030 and replacing that missile with a follow-on missile system after 2030.

 

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Space assets

===========

Sens. Kyl (R-AZ), Nelson of Florida, Sessions & Thune filed amendment No. 2960 stating that it is the policy of the Untied States to protect its military and civilian satellites and to research all potential means of doing so.

 

AFGHANISTAN AND OTHER FOREIGN POLICY ISSUES

==================================

Special Inspector General for Afghanistan

==================================

Sens. Lautenberg (D-NJ), Dodd, Coburn and Hagel filed amendment No. 2150 to create a Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction.

 

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Iraq forces to Afghanistan

=====================

Sen. Landrieu (D-LA) filed amendment No. 2311 to make it "the foremost objective of the United States in the Global War on Terror to capture or kill Osama bin Laden, Ayman al-Zawahiri, and other leaders of al Qaeda and to destroy the al Qaeda network." To implement this goal, the bill authorizes $2.7 billion to build and support a 70,000 soldier Afghan National Army, $258 million for drug interdiction, $26 million for translators and interpreters and $363 million to support NATO operations in Afghanistan.  The amendment also states "As the drawdown of United States combat forces in Iraq begins, the forces being drawn down should be repositioned to support operations in Afghanistan."

 

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Darfur

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Sen. Dole (R-NC) filed amendment No. 2130 to require a report on security capabilities needed to stabilize Darfur.

============

Iran sanctions

============

Sen. Smith (R-OR) filed amendment No. 2166 to expand and strengthen sanctions on Iran and countries that deal with Iran.

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Egypt

=====

Sen. Kyl (R-AZ) filed amendment No. 2227 withholding $200 million for Egypt until it implements a new judicial authority law that protects the independence of the judiciary.

 

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Thailand

=======

Sens. Warner (R-VA) and Webb (D-VA) filed amendment No. 2230 to limit new military assistance to Thailand until it restores democratic rule.

 

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Afghanistan development plan

=========================

Sen. Durbin (D-IL) filed amendment No. 2965 to require a comprehensive 5-year plan for United States support and assistance in the political and economic development of Afghanistan.

 

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Osama

======

Sens. Landrieu (D-LA) and Dorgan (D-ND filed amendment No. 2993 authorizing  $25 million to conduct counterterrorist operations that assist in the destruction of the al Qaeda network.

 

======================

Afghanistan reconstruction

======================

Sens. Lautenberg (D-NJ), Dodd,, Coburn, Hagel and Feingold filed amendment No. 3012 to establish  a special inspector general for Afghanistan reconstruction.

 

DETAINEES/TERRORISM

================

Status of detainees

================

Sens. Graham (R-SC) & Kyl (R-AZ) filed amendment No. 2064 to delete Section 1023 in the bill that would require the Secretary of Defense to determine the status of detainees who have been held by the Department of Defense as unlawful enemy combatants for more than 2 years. The committee-approved provision would establish requirements for the procedures to be used by such tribunals.

 

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Prosecution of enemy combatants

==========================

Sen. Dodd (D-CT) filed as an amendment No. 2083 his previously introduced bill S.576, which has 12 co-sponsors, to mend federal provisions concerning the prosecution of unlawful enemy combatants by U.S. military commissions.

 

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Guantanamo Bay

==============

Sens. Feinstein (D-CA), Harkin, Dodd, Clinton, Brown, Bingaman, Kennedy, Whitehouse and Obama filed amendment No. 2125 to close the Guantanamo Bay detention center within a year.

 

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Extradition

===========

Sen. Specter (R-PA) filed amendment No. 2239 prohibiting expulsion, return, or extradition of persons by the United States to countries engaging in torture.

 

================

Rights of detainees

================

Sens. Bond (R-MO) and Rockefeller (D-WV) filed amendment No. 2296 to require that a detainee is provided an unclassified summary of the classified evidence admitted in a Tribunal against the detainee.

 

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Rights of detainees

================

Sens. Bond (R-MO) and Rockefeller (D-WV) filed amendment No. 2297 to require that detainees are afforded a reasonable opportunity to obtain witnesses and other evidence.

 

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Interrogation standards

==================

Sen. Kennedy (D-MA) filed amendment No. 2884 to prohibit certain kinds of interrogation methods inconsistent with the Army Field Manuel procedures.

 

Sen. Biden (D-DE) filed amendment No. 2889 of a similar nature.

 

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Torture

======

Sen. Dodd (D-CT) filed amendment No. 2896 to bar spending for cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment and punishment or for extraordinary rendition of prisoners.

 

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Dealing with terrorists

=================

Sens. Lautenberg (D-NJ) & Smith (R-OR) filed amendment No. 2900 to subject parent companies to the penalties levied against subsidiaries for cooperating with terrorists.

 

Sen. Lautenberg (D-NJ) filed a similar amendment No. 2928.

 

=================

Rendition & detention

=================

Sen. Biden (D-DE) filed amendment No. 2926 to bar extraterritorial detention or rendition, with certain exceptions.

TROOPS/ CONTRACTING

=============

Survivor benefits

=============

Sen. Nelson (D-FL) filed amendment No. 2000 to repeal the requirement for a reduction of survivor benefits plan survivor annuities by dependency and indemnity compensation.

 

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Home leave

==========

Sen. Pryor (D-AR) filed amendment No. 2027 to provide additional home leave for soldiers whose tours in Iraq or Afghanistan have been involuntarily extended.

 

=============================

Couples deployed to combat zones

=============================

Sen. Gregg (R-NH) filed amendment No. 2030 to limit the simultaneous deployment to combat zones of dual-military couples who have minor dependents.

 

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End strengths

============

Sen. Coleman (R-MN) filed amendments No. 2037, 2040 (with Klobuchar) & 2117 to permit the Pentagon to adjust end strength ceilings (personnel limits) by 3% rather than 2%.

 

======================

Assisting returned soldiers

======================

Sens. Lieberman (I-CT) & Boxer (D-CA) filed amendment No. 2055 to assist service members in obtaining necessary services immediately upon their return home after separation from the military.

 

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Montgomery GI Bill

================

Sens. Lincoln (D-AR), Crapo, Durbin, Coleman, Brown, Kerry, Leahy, Harkin, Casey, Snowe, Mikulski and Klobuchar filed amendments No. 2072 & 2074 on the Montgomery GI Bill that are provisions of S.644.  The first amendment provides operational reservists with 10-year portability of their Chapter 1607 (REAP) MGIB benefits.  This year, the recently passed House FY2008 defense authorization bill (H.R.1585) includes Sense of Congress language in support of this policy.  The second amendment moves Chapter 1606 (Standard Reserve) and Chapter 1607 (REAP) benefits from Title 10 to Title 38.  This provision was included in HR 1585 (Sec. 525) and the Senate language is identical.  

 

==========================

Personality disorder discharges

==========================

Sens. Obama (D-IL), Bond, Boxer, McCaskill and Murray filed amendment No. 2086 to place a temporary moratorium on the use of personality disorder discharges for those service members who have served in a combat zone. 

 

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Contracting

==========

Sens. Obama (D-IL) & Whitehouse (D-RI) filed amendments No. 2084 & 2104 to increase transparency and accountability in military and security contracting.

 

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Cost of rebuilding American forces

=============================

Sen. Brown (D-OH) filed amendment No. 2097 requiring a report on rebuilding U.S. Armed Forces to pre-Iraq war readiness levels.

 

======================

Cost of post-war transition

======================

Sen. Brown (D-OH) filed amendment No. 2098 requiring a report on the cost of transitioning troops into military and civilian life in the U.S. after the Iraq War.

 

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Oversight of military contractors

========================

Sens. Carper (D-DE) & McCaskill (D-MO) filed amendment No. 2123 to beef up oversight of military contractors.  The amendment requires training on contingency contracting for personnel outside the defense acquisition workforce. 

 

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Wartime contracting

===============

Sens. Webb (D-VA), McCaskill, Klobuchar, Brown, Casey, Tester, Cardin, Whitehouse, and Sanders filed amendment No. 2206 to establish a "Commission on Wartime Contracting" to study wartime contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan.

 

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Concurrent Receipt

================

Sens. Reid (D-NV) and Snowe (R-ME) filed amendments No. 2235 and No. 2236 to permit retired military to receive both retirement benefits and compensation for service-connected disabilities (Concurrent Receipt).

 

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Contracting out

=============

Sens. Dorgan (D-ND) and Wyden (D-OR) filed amendment No. 2248 to prohibit the head of an agency from entering into a contract for the performance of any inherently governmental function and to avoid conflicts of interest.

 

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Protective vehicles

================

Sens. Biden (D-DE), Graham, Casey, Sanders, and Brown filed amendment No. 2335 authorizing $24.6 billion for an additional 15,200 Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Vehicles and $400 million for Explosively Formed Pentetrators protection.

 

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Littoral Combat Ship

================

Sen. Kennedy (D-MA) filed amendment No. 2885 to set a cost ceiling on the Littoral Combat Ship of $460 million per ship.

 

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Refueling tanker fleet

================

Sens. Conrad (D-ND), Hatch, Dorgan, Gregg, Roberts, Sununu, Cantwell and Inhofe filed amendment No. 2895 stating that it is the sense of Congress that timely replacement of the Air Force aerial refueling tanker fleet in a manner that achieves the best value for the taxpayer is a vital national security priority.

 

Sen. McCain (R-AZ) filed amendment No. 2974 of a similar nature.

 

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C-40 aircraft

===========

Sen. Durbin (D-IL) filed amendment No. 2964 to authorize $85 million for the procurement of C-40 aircraft.

 

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Airlift

=====

Sens. McCaskill, Biden, Kennedy, Bond & Feinstein filed amendment No. 3010 requiring the Secretary of Defense to conduct a study on various alternatives for the size and mix of assets for the Air Force intertheater airlift force, with a particular focus on current and planned capabilities and costs of the C-5 aircraft and C-17 aircraft fleets.

 

OTHER

 

========================

Presidential signing statements

========================

Sens. Specter (R-PA) & Kerry (D-MA) filed amendment No. 2021 stating that Congress hereby exercises its power to forbid judicial reliance on presidential signing statements as a source of authority in the interpretation of acts of Congress.

 

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Fairness doctrine

=============

Sen. Coleman (R-MN) and 13 co-sponsors filed amendment No. 2020 barring the return of the “fairness doctrine” for television.

 

Sen. Coleman (R-MN) and 25 co-sponsors filed amendment No. 2189 barring the return of the “fairness doctrine” for television.

 

==================

Global climate change

==================

Sens. Durbin (D-IL), Hagel and Feinstein filed amendment No. 2042 to require a National Intelligence Estimate on the anticipated geopolitical effects of global climate change and the implications of such effects on the national security of the United States.

 

===============

Gulf War illnesses

===============

Sens. Sanders (I-VT), Byrd (D-WV) and Feingold (D-WI) filed amendment No. 2060 to authorize $30 million for Gulf War Illnesses research.

 

============

Base closures

============

Sen. Brown (D-OH) filed amendment No. 2096 to require a comprehensive accounting of the funding required to ensure that the plan for implementing the final recommendations of the 2005 Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission remains on schedule.

 

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Mass atrocities

=============

Sens. Cardin (D-MD), Biden and Feingold filed amendment No. 2103 requiring a report assessing the U.S. capability to provide training and advice to the command of an international intervention force that seeks to prevent mass atrocities.

 

==========

Immigration

==========

Sen. Cornyn (R-TX) filed a series of amendments -- No. 2140, 2041, 2042 and 2043 -- dealing with such immigration issues as international commuters, landowners liability, employment based visas and the “Secure Border Crossing Card Entry Act."

 

=========================

Treatment of ethnic Americans

=========================

Sens. Feingold (D-WI), Grassley and Lieberman filed amendment No. 2151 to commission a study of the treatment of ethnic Americans during World War II, including Italian Americans, German Americans, Jewish refugees and European Latin Americans.

 

============

National Guard

============

Sens. Bond (R-MO) & Leahy (D-VT) filed amendment No. 2165 to expand the power and authority of the National Guard.

 

Sen. Warner (R-VA) filed amendment No. 2280 to amendment No. 2165

 

===============

Inspector general

===============

Sens. Whitehouse (D-RI), Durbin, Mikulski, Feingold and Feinstein filed amendment No. 2169 to require Congress to be notified if an inspector general is denied information.

 

==========

9/11 attacks

==========

Sens. Wyden (D-OR), Bond and Rockefeller filed amendment No. 2183 to require that an executive summary of the report on Central Intelligence Agency accountability regarding the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 be made public.

=========================

Assistance for peace operations

=========================

Sen. Levin (D-MI) filed amendment No. 2192 to provide up to $200 million annually for assistance to countries deploying soldiers for peace operations under the Global Peace Operations Initiative (GPOI).  He introduced amendment No. 2988 to provide up to $100 million.

 

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Earmarks

=======

Sen. Coburn filed other amendments to eliminate specific earmarks in the bill.

 

======================

State sponsors of terrorism

======================

Sen. Kyl (R-AZ) filed amendment No. 2226 requiring a report on business activities carried out with state sponsors of terrorism.

 

================

Immigration reform

================

Sen. Durbin (D-IL) filed amendments No. 2237 to provide educational benefits to children of immigrants and No. 2238 on immigration fraud protection.

=============================

National Guard on southern border

=============================

Sen. Sessions (R-AL) filed amendments No. 2317 and No. 2318 to provide for the temporary National Guard support for securing the southern land border.

 

Sens. Kyl (R-AZ) and Domenici (R-NM) filed amendment No. 2322 to authorize $400 million for Operation Jump Start to pay for a National Guard force on the southern border.

 

AMENDMENTS ALREADY CONSIDERED

N.B.  On July 25, the Senate took the military pay raise along with the Wounded Warrior legislation (see below), and passed them as a separate bill.

 

=============================

Deployment of American troops in Iraq

=============================

The vote on cloture on the Webb (D-VA) & Hagel (R-NE) (with a total of 29 co-sponsors) amendment No. 2012 that would have mandated minimum periods for soldiers between deployments to Iraq was 56 – 41, with 60 votes needed (July 11).   Soldiers would have to be home for at least as long as they were deployed in Iraq or Afghanistan before being sent back, and no reserve soldier could be sent to Iraq or Afghanistan if he or she had been there within the preceding three years.  The President could waive this limitation if he certifies to Congress that there is “an operational emergency posing a threat to vital national security interests.”

 

===

Iran

===

Lieberman (I-CT), McCain, Kyl, Graham, Coleman, Collins, Sessions, Levin, Salazar and Craig modified amendment No. 2073 accusing Iran of assisting forces in Iraq that are contributing to the destabilization of Iraq and the murders of Americans, demanding that Iran cease those activities and requiring the Administration to report to Congress concerning Iran's activities there and responses to those activities was adopted 97 – 0 (July 11).  The amendment closed with the sentence: “Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize or otherwise speak to the use of Armed Forces against Iran.”

================================

Deployment of American troops in Iraq

================================

Hagel (R-NE), Levin, Snowe, Webb and Reid amendment No. 2032 barring Army soldiers from serving for more than 12 consecutive months in Iraq and Marines from serving for more than seven months won a 52 – 45 majority, but 60 votes were required for adoption (July 11).  Many Army combat tours were extended from 12 months to 15 months earlier this year.  The President was permitted to waive this provision "in time of national emergency."

 

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