December 14th, 2010 10:53 EST
Bertha Rogers's Poems Have a Viking Energy and Great Emotional Intelligence
Heart Turned Back by Bertha Rogers
(Heart Turned Back, Bertha Rogers, Salmon Poetry, Ireland, 2010, 81pp)
Sometimes we define modernity at the expense of former times. If we say something sounds Edwardian or Georgian there is a pejorative connotation. That`s too bad. A contemporary poem that recalls Andrew Marvell or George Chapman or Gerard Manley Hopkins should not have to suffer taint for it. There is a difference between slavishness and redolence.
Bertha Rogers`s very first poem in this admirable collection, The First Time, " has a certain Edwardian politesse:
The place I escaped "chaos, noise, debris.
I was forced to choose "that was clear "
and so found a home near rush and stone.
We remember Emily Dickinson`s dashes, that feeling of walking the plank and being rescued by dolphins. And we remember Edwardian scruple in this construct. But Rogers is deploying a very modern awareness of quantum physics, of Einsteinian time and psychology since Jung. She sees time bend in this unrhymed Elizabethan sonnet. As she takes liberties with this particular sonnet form, so she borrows from the tonalities and demeanors of certain periods.
Allen Ginsberg was doing something similar in Howl, which at times has the shield-banging thrust of a Norse saga.
This touchstone poem speaks of stones and water ensorcelling each other, a phenomenon familiar to anyone who, like Rogers, lives in one of the world`s most hydrologically labyrinthine regions, the Catskill Mountains. More than in Rogers`s previous work these poems instill an expectation of faerie stones, time warps and sudden cracks between the worlds.
Specificity and placeness play major roles in Heart Turned Back. The poet as naturalist turns her observations into meditations. Her surroundings have not washed over her. She wears them like beads of water, pollen. In some ways she does what bees do, she pollinates things and so becomes part of a propagating cycle. It could be said this is what poets do. Having said it, I would want it understood it "s Bertha Rogers`s poems that prompt me.
It`s not surprising to find a varied, refined and expert poetics here. Rogers has translated Beowulf, studied the Norse sagas and The Poetic and Prose Eddas. She knows the history of our language and, like Seamus Heaney, imbues it with new vitality and significance. In an earlier essay about Rogers` translation of Beowulf I said I found it more exhilarating than the impeccable Heaney translation. Rogers bicycled around Manhattan listening to the Caedmon recording of Beowulf in old English, and something of the precariousness of the act comes over in the translation.
Not because it is an ambitious and daring poem, but because it bears with it the sudden horror in Norse literature, I am drawn to Truman and Me on page 57. It is a Viking poem. And it hearkens to Rogers` biking time. She spots Harry Truman on Fifth Avenue in his buttoned-down off-the-rack suit:
I could read
the President`s mind "
a cyclist who waits!
I smiled back at him,
felt my grin
grow to both ears,
splitting my face in two.
then saluted me.
I could almost
travel to Hiroshima
on those rows
of good-natured teeth.
An unexpectedly horrific poem. A one-act play with a gut-punch at the end. This haberdasher, this feisty, well-liked, trusted man bombed Hiroshima. God help us all for what we do.
It may be because my artist-mother is buried in Bertha Rogers` mountains that severe turns of weather set me to worrying about her in spite of myself, and that is why I am drawn to For the Girl Buried in the Peat Bog, Schleswig, Germany, First Century, A.D. "
Her eyes closed
from the force of color and her face "
delicate, forever fourteen "
forgot her lover, found,
in the long violence before dying,
the expression of light.
I find this poem, with its clinical detail, both savage and somehow
She always walks
the dark world, head skewed
to the cry of some sorrowing bird "
the poem begins. I don`t think it was Rogers`s intent, but I recall the risen Christ saying do not touch me. Here is the power of the best poetry to rummage our collective unconscious so that we participate in the singing of the poem. The good poem is not finished, because we carry on where the poet leaves off. This girl died an awful death. We die it with her, and walk with her at night. We imagine or see ghosts because they are us.
Rogers posits sonnets as steles in unfamiliar terrain. They operate to reorient us as our compass swings among her various magnetic verse styles and meditative riffs. This use of sonnets is a kind of placement, because just as we place lines on a page so we place poems in a manuscript "a technical term extended to embrace the creation of a collection. Placement in these poems is dictated by their formality. It was sometimes said of the Abstract Expressionist painters that they painted that way because they couldn`t draw. There was some little truth in that indictment. Nobody is ever going to say of Rogers that she writes that way because she isn`t a prosodist. She is a superb prosodist. When I noticed her sonnets` positioning I thought of that marvelous stele in which the woman pharaoh Hatshepsut is said to have referred to the Exodus as a minor labor dispute "bringing our hifalutin exegesis crashing down to earth. True or not, it`s too delicious not to contemplate.
There is in this volume a placeness that is as crucial to Rogers as northern New Jersey was to William Carlos Williams or the English countryside to Wordsworth, Coleridge, and, more poignantly, John Clare, who was savaged by its industrial rape. Rogers lives in the western Catskills of New York, where the astonishing hydrology combines with a kind of purple haunting that gives rise to such lines as this quatrain from The Future ":
There was a great tree, gigantic old oak,
across the lane`s ditch, just before the fence
that outlined the bleak, snapping-turtle creek "
Darkness stirred there, like a snake, through green.
This is characteristic of Rogers` notational style "bodies on the bed or Sultry July; month ajar. Sometimes her lines read like a reporter`s notes, giving them a modernism that is belied by the formality of her versification. But at the same time she employs punctuation as if it were a satchel of rare tools rather than an avoidable nuisance. Look at that last line of the opening verse "the commas, far from impeding the line, tell you exactly how it should be breathed. Rogers doesn`t throw anything out in poetics that can be used to mend or rejuvenate.
There is a pulsating, plosive quality to much of this work that would seem incompatible with the poet`s meditative insights. She makes demands on herself that few other poets make, requiring masterful resolutions to the challenge of getting a meaning across without diluting the musicality of her inspiration, the sound she first heard when she decided to write the poem. In the poem Angels, " for example, consisting of unrhymed couplets, a marvelous whimsy springs like freshets from the rhythms of the poem:
The angels materialize sooner, you recognize
their coming. The sweets you stole
as a child are miraculously returned before
the clerk registers their loss "
I admire the poet`s willingness to use Latinate constructs, such as materialize and recognize, contrapuntally with the simple phrase, The sweets you stole. Modernism does not require us to throw out what the Normans brought to England linguistically, it merely requires us to be spare. Rogers knows a lot about the history of our language, and here it shows.
Again and again reading Heart Turned Back I thought of the now considerable body of poetry, often anecdotal, that visually resembles poetry but lacks the internal poetics, rather like a cheap works in a Rolex case. Heart Turned Back stands in opposition to this popular vogue, which is often lazy nostalgia dolled up in modernist duds. Rogers represents a kind of synthesis of all we`ve inherited from our poetic forebears. Sometimes this aspect of her work reminds me of the difference, say, between Hun and Arab conquests. The Huns destroyed to make sure the conquered understood their predicament; the Arabs refrained from destroying, having asked themselves if it made sense to destroy what they had acquired.
What is experimental in Rogers` work is her emotional intelligence, the lengths to which she is willing to go to bring home recognitions. In this she recalls the Nobelist Doris Lessing, who was willing to write about hearing people think and witnessing the familiar loom up strange.
Heart Turned Back is slender but important. It succeeds in its ambitions.
Djelloul Marbrook is a retired newspaperman. His second book of poems, Brushstrokes and Glances, will be published by Deerbrook Editions on December 20, 2010. His first book of poems, Far From Algiers, won the Stan and Tom Wick Poetry Prize from Kent State University in 2007 and was published in 2008. It won the International Book Award in 2010. His novella, Artemisia`s Wolf, will be published by Prakash Books of India in December. His novella, Saraceno, was recently published as an e-book. His story, Artists Hill, adapted from the second novel of an unpublished trilogy, won the Literal LattÃ© first prize in fiction in 2008. The pioneering e-book publisher, Online Originals (UK), published his novella, Alice MIller`s Room, in 1999.
Del`s book, Far From Algiers: http://upress.kent.edu/books/Marbrook_D.htm
New review of Far from Algiers: http://www.rattle.com/blog/2009/05/far-from-algiers-by-djelloul-marbrook/
Artists Hill, Literal LattÃ©`s fiction first prize: http://www.literal-latte.com/author/djelloulmarbrook/
His blog: http://www.djelloulmarbrook.com
His mother`s art: http://www.juanitaguccione.com
His aunt`s art: http://www.irenericepereira.com