December 7th, 2012 14:31 EST
Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front to Hold Protest Demonstration at Indian High Commission in London
Members of the pro-independence Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), will hold a protest demonstration at the Indian High Commission in London against widespread human rights violations in Indian occupied Kashmir on the occasion of World Human Rights Day on 10th December. It is to coincide with a shutter-down call by JKLF chairman, Yasin Malik, in Kashmir to protest against the recent cases of awarding life sentences to several Kashmiris under the notorious TADA law which was repealed in India as far back as 1995 but still used in Kashmir to suppress the Kashmiri independence movement..
On 3rd December, 2012, a kangaroo court in Jammu awarded life sentences to two Kashmiris Sheikh Nazir Ahmed and Shoukat Ahmed, who had both spent nearly 15 years in Indian jails without trial after being arrested in 1990s. They were released on bail over 7 years ago but rearrested recently and awarded life imprisonment. Two weeks ago, another Kashmiri, Dr Qasim Faktoo was sentenced to life imprisonment under similar circumstance.
A JKLF spokesman in London said that these are serious and worrying cases and point to Indian government intention to hoodwink the world opinion about what it has been doing in J&K for last 3 decades. It makes a mockery of empty gestures of "peace process` and "political dialogue`.
We have taken serious notice of the latest developments and have approached the Amnesty International, All Party Parliamentary Group on Kashmir and other international human rights organizations to take up the issue with the Indian government. "
Protest Venue: Indian High Commission, Aldych, London. WC2B 4NA
Nearest Tube Station: Holborn (Central Line)
Date: Monday 10th December 2012
Time: 2-4pm (A protest memorandum will be presented to the Indian High Commission at 3 pm)
On Thursday, 5th December, 2012the Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons and the International Peoples` Tribunal on Human Rights and Justice in Kashmir published an investigatory report accusing 500 serving Army, paramilitary and police personnel in Jammu-Kashmir of allegations of human rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir. The report entitled stories of impunity in Jammu and Kashmir " sights 215 cases and named 235 army, 123 paramilitary, 111 police and 31 counter-insurgency personnel of rights abuses such as extra-judicial killings, enforced disappearances, torture of prisoners and raping Kashmiri women since 1990. Among the accused, there are 2 Major Generals and 3 Brigadiers, 9 Colonels, 3 Lieutenant Colonels, 78 Majors, 25 Captains belonging to the Indian Army and 37 senior officials of the paramilitary forces as well as a retired and current director general of the Jammu-Kashmir Police.
The 354-page report, which was compiled using information obtained through the Right to Information Act, includes witness testimonies as well as court cases and cases registered with the police, which have not been investigated. The cases documented in the report reveal Indian government`s policy not to investigation or prosecution cases against the armed forces in Jammu-Kashmir.
On the other hand, Indian government has started to prosecute and punish pro-independence activists under the "lawless laws` for agitating against Indian occupation of Jammu-Kashmir.
The Terrorist and Disruptive Activities Act (TADA); which was condemned by Indian judiciary at the highest level in 1995 and repealed, under which a person could be detained without formal charge or trial for up to one year and which allowed court hearings to be conducted in secret with keeping the identity of any witness secret and where confessions by torture were permissible on simple police assurance that it was obtained voluntarily.
In 2008, the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detentions ruled that 10 individuals detained under the PSA in J&K had been arbitrarily detained in violation of articles 7, 9, 10 and 11(1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Articles 9 and 14 of the ICCPR. It called on the Government of India to bring its laws in conformity with its international human rights obligations.
"The Working Group is aware of the political sensitivities regarding the state of Jammu and Kashmir and the complex law and order situation ensuing in that part of the country. As a part of its crisis management system, the Government is using laws of preventive detention, including the PSA ". Be that as it may, any legal, administrative or other mechanism employed, must conform to international human rights standards and obligations undertaken by the Government of India.`
UN WGAD opinion on 10 PSA cases from J&K, 26 November 2008
Hundreds of lawyers have sought to challenge these detentions under the PSA through habeas corpus petitions. According to the High Court registry in Srinagar, 367 habeas corpus petitions were filed in 2008, 272 in 2009 and 159 up to 19 May 2010. It is estimated that about 70% of these refer to cases of administrative detention under the PSA law.
The PSA violates international human rights law and standards by providing for detention without trial while denying the possibility of judicial review and other safeguards for those in detention required under international human rights law. It also violates the principle of legality by defining offences so broadly as to allow security officials to detain individuals on extremely vague grounds including for exercising their rights to peaceful assembly and freedom of expression. " A "Lawless Law`,Detentions under the J&K Public Safety Act - Amnesty International, March 2011.
Out of the over 600 cases studied by AI, approximately 290 detainees were found to be booked under the Arms Act offences. In approximately 160 cases, detainees were alleged to be in possession of fire arms or other such weapons when arrested but only 3 out of the 290 detainees were eventually convicted for possession of weapons. In Jammu-Kashmir the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, facilitates impunity for abuses and violations. It empowers Indian Security Forces to search homes and make arrests without warrants and provides them the right to shoot-to-kill with total immunity from prosecution. The Jammu & Kashmir Public Safety Act (JKPSA) empowers Indian forces to detain persons without trial for up to 4 for a broad range of activities that would be considered political and civil rights elsewhere in the world.
Photo Source: Sulekha.com